World's top scientists have come to Khanty-Mansiysk to discuss the role of carbon balance of West Siberian mires amid the global climate change.

The international conference "Carbon balance of West Siberian mires in the context of the global climate change" opened in Yugra State University on June 22. The Special Russian President's Envoy for Environment, Ecology and Transport Affairs Sergey Ivanov together with the Gorvenor of Yugra Natalia Komarova and YUSU rector Tatiana Karminskaya gave welcoming addresses to the academic convention.

Over 75 scientists and researchers from Russia, the Netherlands, France, Turkey, Estonia, Belarus have participated in the conference. 

- During the Ecology Year in Russia this issue is particularly sensitive, which is confirmed by the conference attendees, the President's Envoy Mr. Ivanov said. - Such scientific cooperation is strong enough to be of maximum support to find answers to the most challenging issues in regard to marsh ecosystem's impact on climate change processes.

He also added, that over the last decades the average temperature rise on the planet has been 0.17 C, with 0.45 C for Russia and over 0.8 C for polar regions.

- Ongoing changes cause serious concerns as they affect both the variability and extremity of work conditions as well as cause emergencies. Russia is all set to develop international cooperation including research and joint projects. I am sure time you spend in Yugra will pay you off, - Sergey Ivanov appealed to the academic audience.

Natalia Komarova in her turn noticed that human activity was more increasingly influencing the planet's well-being.

- In some regions of the Earth the adverse impact on the environment poses a direct threat to the society's well-being and sustainable econonic growth. Now we are witnessing a "butterfly effect": changes in ecosystems in one country lead to environment disasters in many others, - the governor said.

The head of the region also added that Yugra has available all the means to influence the global climate. The main one, which is being discussed today, is peat bogs of West Siberia. They are central to the global carbon cycle, to the regulation of the Earth atmospheric composition as well as mitigation of the global climate change aftereffects.

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Natalia Komarova also noted that since 2007 research fellows of Yugra State University have been researching the greenhouse gases flow in marsh ecosystems. Featured computer model developed for these purposes is applied in infrastructure and facilities construction to reduce their impact on marsh ecosystems. The YUSU-based UNESCO Department "Environmental Dynamics and Global Climate Change' has been active for 10 years. Its focus area involves collecting data on greenhouse gases emission and defining a biospheric role of peat bogs in atmospheric composition maintenance.

English version by Azat Garipov.
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Photos by Maxim Meng, Nadezhda Ibyaeva