World's top scientists have come to Khanty-Mansiysk to discuss the role of carbon balance of West Siberian mires amid the global climate change.

The international conference "Carbon Balance of West Siberian Mires in the Context of the Global Climate Change" opened in Yugra State University on June, 22. Russian President's Special Envoy for Environment, Ecology and Transport Affairs Sergey Ivanov together with Gorvenor of Ugra Natalia Komarova and YUSU Rector Tatiana Karminskaya gave welcoming addresses to the academic convention.

Over 75 scientists and researchers representing Russia, the Netherlands, France, Turkey, Estonia, Belarus have participated in the conference. 

"During the Ecology Year in Russia, this issue is particularly sensitive, which is confirmed by the conference attendees," Mr Ivanov said. "Such a scientific cooperation is strong enough to be of maximum support find answers to the most challenging issues in regard to marsh ecosystem's impact on climate change processes."

He also added, that over the last decades the average temperature rise on the planet has been 0.17 C, with 0.45 C for Russia and over 0.8 C for polar regions.

"Ongoing changes cause serious concerns, as they affect both the variability and extremity of work conditions, inflicting emergencies. Russia is all set to develop international cooperation including research and joint projects. I am sure the time you spend in Ugra will pay you off," Sergey Ivanov appealed to the academic audience.

In her turn, Natalia Komarova noticed that human activity was more increasingly influencing the planet's well-being.

"In some regions of the Earth the adverse impact on the environment poses a direct threat to the society's well-being and sustainable econonic growth. Now we are witnessing a "butterfly effect": changes in ecosystems in one country lead to environment disasters in many others," the governor said.

The head of the region also added that Ugra has all the means available to influence the global climate. The main one, which is being discussed today, is peat bogs in West Siberia. They are central to the global carbon cycle, to the regulation of the Earth atmospheric composition, mitigation of the global climate change aftereffects as well.

International researchers seek to visit Mukhrino field station.

Natalia Komarova also noted that since 2007 Yugra State University's research fellows have been researching the greenhouse gases flow in marsh ecosystems. Featured computer model developed for these particular purposes is applied in the infrastructure and facilities construction to reduce their impact on marsh ecosystems. The YUSU-based UNESCO Department "Environmental Dynamics and Global Climate Change" has been active for 10 years. It focuses on collecting greenhouse gases emission data and defining the biospheric role of peat bogs in the atmospheric composition maintenance.

English version by Azat Garipov.
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