A panel discussion "The future of energy in modern conditions" was held in Yugra State University. The event was timed to the award ceremony of the Association for the development of international research and projects in the energy sector "Global Energy", which was held in Khanty-Mansiysk. The co-organizers of the panel discussion were the Government of Yugra and YuSU.
Chairman of the International Committee for the Award of the Global Energy Prize, Nobel laureate Rae Kwon Chung (South Korea), members of the International Committee for the Award of the Prize Dmitry Bessarabov (South Africa) and William Byun (Singapore) and President of the Global Energy Association Sergey Brilev took part in the discussion of world issues.
Следили за дискуссией студенты вузов Югры, представители профильных организаций. The meeting was also attended by the Rector of YuSU Roman Kuchin and the deputy director of the Department of Science and Education of Yugra Alexander Gomzyak. The moderators were Maxim Korolev, Head of the Higher Oil School of YuSU, and Stanislav Dolinger, associate professor of the Higher Engineering School of YuSU.
Speaking about the Global Energy Award, Sergey Brilev noted that the winners of the Non-Traditional Energy nomination, as a rule, offer what at first glance seems to be a fantasy: "The value of the nomination is that, firstly, it emphasizes the inevitability of scientific search, and secondly, it recognizes the fact that we we are witnessing amazing scientific and technological progress. What is a fantasy today, very soon turns into something that has the potential to become an energetically justified project."
The panel discussion participants discussed the most burning and pressing issues on the world agenda – climate change and the associated potential of renewable energy sources, the development of "green" energy and, in particular, the opportunities and problems of using "green" hydrogen, carbon neutrality - reducing the carbon footprint in the production cycle.
At the meeting, it was noted, in addition to the fact that Yugra is Russia's leader in oil production, the district ranks second in the production of electric energy. "Considering that we have a very large potential of alternative sources of electricity, we can not only hold the second place, but also take a leading position," added Stanislav Dolinger, moderator of the discussion.
Foreign delegates, in turn, also confirmed this statement, noting that Yugra has a huge potential in green energy. "Your region has not only great oil and gas deposits. In summer there is a lot of sun, and in winter there are very strong winds, you have a lot of water resources. Therefore, Yugra has a great potential in the field of renewable energy," Rae Kwon Chung said.
The participants of the discussion emphasized that the cost of renewable and non-renewable energy sources is already matching. Moreover, alternative energy sources are more profitable in some regions of the world. "We need to understand that often the transition to renewable energy sources is not made due to instructions from governments. For example, in many parts of Asia, renewable energy sources are used because they are much cheaper there than traditional ones," William Byun noted.
It should be noted that on the eve of the discussion, the participants visited the field station of YuSU "Mukhrino". "This is an international platform where the climate situation is monitored. In the coming year, we plan to open a carbon data center for the collection and processing of this data," Maxim Korolev said.
As stated by Rae Kwon Chung, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug is at the forefront of the climate change agenda. Methane, which is released from the Yugra swamps, accelerates these changes and increases the concentration of carbon dioxide. The temperature increase in the Okrug is also going at an accelerated pace compared to the world average. In turn, Dmitry Bessarabov noted that it is naive to expect that one can control the release of methane and other greenhouse gases from the swamps. "But we are able to do something in the near future," said the expert in the field of "green hydrogen".
"The goal is clear – decarbonization of our industry and economy. How we will achieve these goals depends on state support, the geographical location of a particular country or region. One more detail is important in the use of "green" hydrogen. Both for domestic consumption and for export production, technologies and infrastructure are needed. Therefore, problems related to the transportation and storage of energy are now coming to the fore in the "green" energy sector," Dmitry Bessarabov added.
The participants spoke about the impact of the current market instability on the climate agenda. Experts' opinions differed. If William Byun places great hope on the free market, then Rae Kwon Chung is convinced that we need a climate change economy, and not a free market that will not deliver climate challenges. "The efforts of the market and science alone, which were the drivers of all three previous industrial revolutions, now, on the threshold of the fourth industrial revolution - to solve climate problems - may not be sufficient. We need a tangible push from governments for scientists to start research in the field of renewable energy. We need a clear state policy to make the energy transition. There is no other way." The Nobel laureate added that political will coupled with public support can change the situation.
"Today, the environmental agenda is very urgent. The redistribution of the market of energy sources, energy prices, resources will change in the coming years. This is influenced by politics. We need to change our thinking and try to broadcast the policy of energy choice in the direction of "green" energy from the student bench," Maxim Korolev summed up the discussion.